In surveys made in Europe and the United States, green is the color most commonly associated with nature, life, health, youth, spring, hope and envy.
Because of its association with nature, it is the color of the environmental movement.
In more contemporary terms, they are 藍 (lán, in Mandarin) and 綠 (lǜ, in Mandarin) respectively.
Japanese also has two terms that refer specifically to the color green, 緑 (midori, which is derived from the classical Japanese descriptive verb midoru "to be in leaf, to flourish" in reference to trees) and グリーン (guriin, which is derived from the English word "green").
Political groups advocating environmental protection and social justice describe themselves as part of the Green movement, some naming themselves Green parties.
This has led to similar campaigns in advertising, as companies have sold green, or environmentally friendly, products.
It also has a long historical tradition as the color of Ireland and of Gaelic culture.
Several minerals have a green color, including the emerald, which is colored green by its chromium content.
Related to virere "to grow" and ver "spring", it gave rise to words in several Romance languages, French vert, Italian verde (and English vert, verdure etc.).
Ancient Greek also had a term for yellowish, pale green – χλωρός, chloros (cf.
In the Middle Ages and Renaissance, green was the color commonly associated with merchants, bankers and the gentry, while red was reserved for the nobility.
For this reason, the costume of the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci and the benches in the British House of Commons are green while those in the House of Lords are red.